Karma, meaning action, is a term in yogic spirituality for explaining the soul's evolution from life to life. Karma is generally portrayed as the effect of our individual actions, extending from past lives to present and future lives. It is often regarded as a force of determination, like fate or destiny. We speak of a person's karma catching up with them, ‘what goes around comes around' or ‘as you sow so shall you reap', indicating this inescapable result of what we have done.
Yet if we look deeper, we see that karma reflects the fact that we create our own reality. We fashion both ourselves and our environment according to all that we do in life. Karma, therefore, means that we are universal creators, not simply the helpless products of external forces. Karma is the underlying process of the ‘self-creating universe'. It indicates that the universe creates itself according to its own inner intentionality. Through the power of karma, we are self-creating beings in a self-creating existence. Even the forces of nature, like time or gravity, which appear beyond our control, are manifestations of an intelligent reality in which we are active participants.
The Evolution of Consciousness
Modern science recognizes an evolution of form, noting how the bodies of different animals adapt over time, becoming more complex and sophisticated through succeeding generations. It has outlined a physical or bodily evolution from plants and animals to human beings. Since the time of Darwin, science has gone into great detail trying to explain this movement of bodily evolution in terms of the outer factors of natural selection, survival of the fittest and adaptation to changing environments, as if it were a process that occurred of itself by some sort of natural necessity.
Today's science emphasizes genetics as the main mechanism behind this evolutionary process. It has discovered an underlying ‘genetic code' behind the great diversity of life, linking all creatures together in the greater evolutionary process. This marvelous genetic code is simpler, more concise and yet more powerful in its results than any code or data base that the human mind can invent. So one must also ask: Can such a physical information code exist without any enduring intelligence behind it?
This scientific account of evolution leaves any life-force or consciousness out of the picture except as a by-product of bodily processes. It is as though we are following the tracks of an animal and proposing an evolution of the tracks themselves without positing any creature making the tracks, as if one track somehow manages to evolve into the next!
We can contrast this with the view of Yoga, the great spiritual science of the East, which recognizes an evolution of consciousness as well as one of form. Yoga neither denies evolution in order to justify a religious view of creation, nor reduces evolution to a blind play of material forces. Yoga teaches that form cannot evolve without consciousness. It is an inner consciousness that brings about evolutionary change of form, not the form itself, which is no more than a shell. The creatures that we observe in life are the result of such an inner consciousness evolving in its own self-expression through the great movement of time.
Karma and rebirth are the means of this evolution of consciousness, its underlying modus operandi. Only an intelligence that is reborn can truly evolve in awareness. Otherwise intelligence would die with the body, letting the form disintegrate with nothing left to continue.
Vedic Astrology and our Karmic Code
The soul can be defined as our ‘karmic being' as opposed to our merely human personality that is its mask. The soul carries our karmic propensities called samskaras from one body to another.
Our karma, we could say, is the DNA of our soul. Just as the body has its particular genetic code, the soul has its particular ‘karmic code'. The soul's karmic code is based upon the life patterns it has created-the habits, tendencies, influences and desires it has set in motion over its many births. These karmic tendencies or samskaras like seeds ripen in the soil of our lives, taking root and sprouting according to circumstances. Our soul's energy is filtered through our karmic potentials, which create the very pattern of our lives down to a subconscious and instinctual level.
For the evolution of our species and for our own spiritual growth, we must consider both the genetic and karmic codes. We cannot understand ourselves through genetics alone, which is only the code of the body; we must also consider the karmic code, the code of the mind and heart. Note how two children in the same family can share the same genetic pattern, education and environment and yet can have very different lives, characters and spiritual interests. This is because of their differing karmic codes.
Fortunately, there is a way that we can see our karmic code as clearly as our genetic code. Vedic astrology, which is called Jyotish or the science of light (Jyoti), helps us understand the laws of both time and karma. The Vedic astrological birthchart is probably the best indicator of the karmic code of the soul. The pattern of the birthchart is like the ‘DNA of the soul' behind the current physical incarnation. The positions of the planets in the birthchart -not only relative to the twelve signs of the zodiac but more importantly in regard to the Nakshatras or twenty-seven mansions of the Moon - provides a wealth of knowledge through which we can read our karmic code in great detail.
In this regard, the Vedic astrological chart is probably the most important document that we have in life and more important than our genetic code. Yet like our DNA it is a code written in the language of nature and needs to be deciphered by a trained researcher in order to make sense of its indications. Through the Vedic astrological chart we can understand the greater purpose of our lives and their potentials, our vulnerabilities and our hidden strengths that can help us fulfill our true destiny.
In addition to showing our karmic code from birth, Vedic astrology can plot its unfoldment through the changing course of our lives using its system of planetary periods, annual charts and transits. That is why Vedic astrologers can be so amazingly accurate both in their delineations of character and in determining the events of our lives. On top of this, through the use of planetary gems, mantras, yantras and meditation on planetary deities, Vedic astrology also provides us many methods that can optimize our karma and take us beyond the limitations of our karmic code.
It is imperative that each one of us is aware of our karmic code and learns the tools to work with it and bring out it optimal potential. Vedic astrology is probably the best tool in this regard. This doesn't mean that the birthchart will answer all our questions. We still have to act, but it will show us how to act in the best and wisest possible manner. In this regard, the birthchart is our karmic guide to life.
To change ourselves it is not enough to alter the genetic code. We must learn how to alter our karmic code as well. However, to change our karmic code is not much easier than to alter our genetics! The required efforts must be done within ourselves rather than in an external laboratory. It requires that we change the very way we live, breathe, see and think, such as the methodology of Yoga and other Vedic sciences instructs.
To transform our karma requires that we expand our connections with the conscious universe-that we live the life of the soul that is one with all life. As the soul holds the karmic code, only the soul can change it. Once we awaken at the level of the soul, conscious of ourselves as children of immortality, we can modify our karma in a spiritual direction for the higher evolution of all life.
Our Karmic Fire Body
The karmic code requires a vehicle to contain it and to carry it from birth to birth. For this we also have a ‘subtle' or ‘soul' body, an inner flame that serves as a receptacle for our karmas. We could call this our ‘inner fire body' as opposed to our ‘outer material body', or we could simply call it our ‘karmic fire body'. This subtle body, serving as the vessel for the soul, enters the physical body like a flame, taking up its station in the heart and warming the entire organism. Like a flame, it leaves the material shell of the body at death taking its karmic capacities along with it.
Advanced yogis can perceive this inner flame and observe its movements. They know how to enter into it and work directly with it, using it to travel to various planes or lokas, higher realms beyond this material universe. At death they merge into it and consciously leave this world, having no fear of death. Their inner flame is no metaphor but more real to them than their own flesh.
The Soul as Nature's Evolutionary Intelligence
The soul, therefore, is nature's evolutionary intelligence. Its code or record is karma, which is the inner DNA of the evolutionary process. On a general level, the soul carries the karmic code of nature, like the abilities to breathe or to perceive that we share with related creatures. On a more specific level, the soul carries the karmic code of the individual and his or her particular tendencies, urges and desires. The individual soul is the primary vehicle that nature has developed for purpose of conscious evolution. The individual provides a focus that allows consciousness to grow through various bodies and gradually manifest itself in ever more intelligent living forms.
The basis of all consciousness is the sense of self, the core feeling of ‘I am'. You can observe this for yourself by watching your thinking process.
Meditate for a few minutes and watch the endless parade of your thoughts, concerns and imaginations that arise habitually in your mind. Try to find the root from which your thoughts arise.
You will discover that all your thoughts go back directly or indirectly to the I-thought that is the source of your identity and vitality, just as the moving of a wheel turns around an axis. You cannot think about anything without first thinking about yourself.
This sense of self is the source of all our motivation and action. Consciousness automatically projects a self or sense of am-ness. This self-sense underlies all the five senses as our most immediate feeling of being alive. It is more intimate and powerful than our senses of sight, hearing or even touch. It is our very sense of being that makes all the other senses possible. Even when the other senses are not functioning it remains.
Our soul is our underlying sense of self, which is the flame of awareness behind all our states of body and mind. The soul is the pure ‘I am', the natural or spiritual self behind the ego or socially-conditioned self, which is like an artificial accretion built upon it. Within that ‘I am' is the evolutionary power of all nature and the very vision of God. This Self-God is the supreme deity behind all religious and spiritual striving. It is the basis of true immortality. Underlying the self-creating universe is this self-creating consciousness of the higher Self, the supreme Atman.
Our soul is the fire seed not only of our own bodies and life-experience but of all life on earth and, ultimately, of the entire universe. It is the sun seed or seed of the cosmic light and infinite consciousness. It contains within itself the developmental code of the entire universe. This code of existence or the God seed is present in the soul, pushing its karma forward towards Self-realization.